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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-160

Application of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and survival prediction of patients with oral cancer: A systematic review

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 , India

Correspondence Address:
Anusha Raghavan
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, 2/102, East Coast Road, Uthandi, Chennai - 600 119, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jorr.jorr_65_21

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Oral cancer constitutes around 2.1% and it is the sixth-most common malignancy worldwide and the third-most common type of malignancy in India. The purpose of this systematic review is to find the prediction of survival rate among oral cancer patients using artificial intelligence (AI) and its forms like machine learning. Suitable articles were identified by searching PubMed, Trip database, Cochrane, and Google Scholar host databases. The search was done with the help of PIO analysis where the population stands for oral cancer patients, the intervention given here were AI and its subsets and the outcome were diagnosis and survival prediction of oral cancer. The screening of the titles and abstracts was done, and only those articles that fulfilled the eligibility criteria were selected. The search resulted in 451 articles, of which only six articles that fulfilled the criteria were included. The studies showed that AI models were able to predict the 5-year survival rate among oral cancer patients. The accuracy of the decision tree classifier, logistic regression, and boosted decision tree models were 76%, 60%, and 88.7%, respectively. Modern age diagnosed people tend to have a longer survival rate than those diagnosed in the past. The limitation was that these studies were created using retrospective cohorts, but for validation, they must be compared with prospective cohorts. These studies are important for identification and survival prediction, which will contribute to future advancements, change in the treatment plan, and reduce health-care problems.

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